The spine is made up of bones called vertebrae that are separated by spongy, flat cylinders called intervertebral discs. These discs are what allow your spine to bend while also acting as shock absorbers. When one of these shock absorbers gets damaged, it is called a herniated disc. This condition is sometimes referred to as a ruptured or slipped disc. A herniated disc in the low back is sometimes called sciatica.
The disc is made up of two main parts: the firm outer layer and the soft inner layer. When a disc is herniated, the outer layer can tear, causing the inner layer to bulge, leak or break off and place pressure on nerves roots in the spine, which can cause pain.
First step toward a herniated disc diagnosis is a physical exam by one of our specialists at Coastal Spine. This condition can also be diagnosed by X-ray, MRI, CT scan or EMG.
At Coastal Spine, we provide herniated disc treatments in a variety of ways: