Spondylosis (Spinal Arthritis): Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Overview

spondlytic

Spondylosis, the medical term for spinal arthritis, refers to spinal degeneration. Spondylosis treatments, such as physical therapy, are available at Coastal Spine.

Causes

Spondylosis symptoms result from several different causes, such as:

  • Aging. As we grow older, the discs that act as shock absorbers between the vertebrae of the spine deteriorate. As a result, the space between the bones of the neck and back narrow, which can put pressure on nerve roots. Spondylosis symptoms are most often found in patients over 60 years old.
  • Genetics. You can be more susceptible if arthritis runs in your family.
  • Spondylosis can lead to Spondylolisthesis.

Spondylosis Symptoms

  • Low back stiffness, especially in the morning
  • Pain, numbness or weakness depending on the location of the spondylosis. Patients with spinal arthritis may experience shooting or radiating pain in their arms, legs or neck
  • Muscle pain
  • Muscle spasms
  • Loss of range-of-motion

Diagnosis

The first step toward a diagnosis of spondylosis will be a physical exam by one of our physicians. The condition is also often diagnosed via an x-Ray, MRI, and CT scan.

Spondylosis Treatment

Our methods of spondylosis treatment include:

  • Physical therapy. Often, spondylosis can be treated non-surgically by strengthening the muscles of the back and core through physical therapy and exercise. This treatment also includes stretching exercises that help relieve pain.
  • Medication. We may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications to reduce the pain and swelling associated with spondylosis.
  • Surgery. If surgery is required for a spondylosis, treatment can often be provided in an outpatient setting with a minimally invasive surgical procedure. The procedures are completed either in our spine dedicated surgical center or the local spine accredited hospital.
    • Possible surgeries include minimally invasive laminectomy, minimally invasive laminotomy or minimally invasive fusion (TLIF).